Article By: Gerhard Mukuahima, Head of Agribusiness
The outbreak of Covid-19 across the globe is presenting a unique set of challenges to industries and causing severe disruption to global value chains, says Standard Bank’s Head of Agribusiness, Gerhard Mukuahima.
He adds that this is especially true in relation to agriculture, raising questions and concerns about how the locking down of countries worldwide creates challenges for farmers to achieve the profits they budgeted at the start of the season. However, Mukuahima proposes a number of areas that can be looked at to continue making profits without compromising on quality of farm produce.
“Cutting costs without compromising on quality may seem like an oxymoron, however, you can save money by making small adjustments to various aspects on the farm operations, instead of just slashing costs in a single area,” he opines.
Following are some of the ways one can implement to manage costs:
1. Pay less for your inputs
While input costs are rising, your ability to secure inputs such as seeds, fertilizer, animal feeds etc. at the cheapest possible rate is a good place to start saving money. Depending on your supplier, what stops you from negotiating an early order programme with your supplier?
2. Keep track of key usage
Naturally, you don’t want to deprive your soil/crops or animals of key nutrients which could affect your quality and yield, so it’s important that you keep track of utilisation of key nutrients and prioritise their procurement. Saving on these inputs may seem like a small cost, however, depending on the scale of your operation it can make a difference in the numbers by end of the financial period.
So you’re a specialist maize farmer. You do this really well and you’d rather not venture into growing crops you don’t understand. However, by diversifying your rotation, and including new low-cost crops into your mix, you can spend less on maize related expenses. Same could be done livestock farming operation. Introduce new enterprises (particularly short-term based e.g. high-valued cash crop, Poultry, Hydroponics Fodder production etc. in the Farming operation so as to create mixture of income streams.
4. Postpone major upgrades and purchases
If you’ve been planning to upgrade portions of infrastructures on the farm, or buy new equipment, perhaps its best to defer such plans or ideas. Unless it forms an essential part of your operation, and has immediate impact on your bottom line.
New technologies and products are coming out regularly, which means there’s always something new and trendy for you to try. Not all technologies will work in your operation, and spending money on products and equipment that don’t contribute to you saving money is not worth the investment.
5. Keep a close eye on pest management costs
Pest management (weeds, insects and disease) can significantly drive up your costs, and in the dry season it’s important to keep a close eye on how much you’re spending on pesticides.
Instead of applying/spraying for prevention on a weekly basis, you can reduce to once every two weeks. If you notice that it’s not working and that you’re inviting pests to the site, then you can revert back to your daily spraying. The less you spend on pest control, the easier it will be for you to reduce costs.
There are a number of ways for you to reduce your costs and save towards new equipment or upgrades for the farm. Your knowledge and experience on the farm can allow you to save money in areas that you probably overlook in haste.
Gerhard Mukuahima is the Head of Agribusiness at Standard Bank Namibia.
He is available at Gerhard.Mukuahima@standardbank.com.na